DBT drug rehab programs that use a cognitive behavioral treatment approach.
Two key characteristics: a behavioral, problem-solving focus blended with acceptance-based strategies, and an emphasis on dialectical processes. "Dialectical" refers to the issues involved in treating patients with multiple disorders and to the type of thought processes and behavioral styles used in the treatment strategies.
Five Components of DBT Therapy
- Capability enhancement (skills training)
- Motivational enhancement (individual behavioral treatment plans)
- Generalization (access to therapist outside clinical setting, homework, and inclusion of family in treatment)
- Structuring of the environment (programmatic emphasis on reinforcement of adaptive behaviors)
- Capability and motivational enhancement of therapists (therapist team consultation group). DBT emphasizes balancing behavioral change, problem-solving, and emotional regulation with validation, mindfulness, and acceptance.